Bitcoin And Ethereum Were Potential Inflation Hedges, What Went Wrong?
In 2022, Bitcoin
Cryptocurrency Volatility Is Not New
It’s worth noting that this level of volatility is nothing new. For example, Bitcoin has seen drawdowns of over 60% in 2020, 2018, 2015 and 2014. Often sharp rises in the value of cryptocurrencies may attract more attention, but we’ve seen similar sharp falls in value before. It may be hard to stomach, but it’s not new.
What’s arguably different this time is the drawn-out progressive decline over a period of months, though arguably price trends in 2015 were fairly similar. Still, history suggests that crypto hasn’t performed well as a store of value in recent years so 2022 is not a big surprise.
Those expecting cryptocurrency to hold up at times of market stress often think of it as digital gold. Here it’s important to remember that gold has not had an inspiring year either, currently falling around 6% this year.
Yes, that’s far better than Bitcoin and Ethereum’s performance, but many assets have lost money this year whether stocks, bonds or alternatives. Hence for any asset to perform well in 2022 has been a challenge.
A Stronger Dollar
The strong dollar hasn’t helped. As the dollar has strengthened so most assets priced in dollars have weakened. For example, if you look at the price of Bitcoin in Euros, the decline is roughly 10% less than in dollars, consistent with currency shifts we’ve seen this year.
As much as inflation in the U.S. has surged the dollar has held up well as the U.S. Federal Reserve has raised interest rates faster than many countries, and the dollar has been perceived as a safe haven currency compared to many others.
At the same time, the broad adoption of cryptocurrencies into the more mainstream financial system continues. It’s been a year since the U.S. saw the first Bitcoin ETF, and Bitcoin can now be part of 401(k) plans and this summer BlackRock joined forces with Coinbase to offer cryptocurrencies to institutional clients. So the acceptance of cryptocurrencies into the mainstream financial system, with accompanying regulation, continues.
So while cryptocurrencies may ultimately become stores of value, for now Bitcoin and Ethereum continue to behave far more like risky assets. For example, the NASDAQ
However, sharp declines in value are not necessarily a reason to write these assets off. We’ve seen similar declines at least four times in the past decade, and, if anything cryptocurrencies, are now more interested into the financial and investment system than before.
They also continue to offer a diverse return stream. For example, since June of this stocks and bonds have generally sold off. At the same time cryptocurrencies have actually been somewhat stable, despite large losses earlier in 2022.
Finally, of course, despite tremendous throughout their existence, both cryptocurrencies have shown tremendous increases in value over the longer term. 2022 may be a disappointment, but it is not a major change to the history of high volatility we’ve seen in cryptocurrency assets.